Cancers found early are the easiest to treat.  The best way to check for testicular cancer is to examine yourself once a month after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed.  Hold your scrotum in the palms of your hands, so that you can use the fingers and thumb on both hands to examine your testicles.

Gently feel each testicle individually.  Any noticeable increase in size or weight may mean something is wrong.  You should feel a soft tube at the top and back of the testicle, which is normal.   The testicle itself should be smooth with no lumps or swellings.   It is unusual to develop cancer in both testicles at the same time, so if you are wondering whether a testicle is feeling normal or not you can compare it with the other.

Other symptoms, beyond lumps, can indicate testicular cancer as well. They include:

  • A pulling sensation or heaviness in the scrotum
  • An ache in the groin or lower abdomen
  • A collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • An intermittent pain in the testicles

If you do find a swelling in your testicle or any of the other symptoms, make an appointment and have it checked by your doctor as soon as possible.


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